Adding to the supplication after prayers

The supplication after the prayer is:

اللهم أنت السلام ومنك السلام تباركت ياذا الجلال والإكرام

Some people add extra words to this supplication like حيِّنا ربنا بِالسَّلام etc which are not recorded from our beloved Prophet صل الله عليه وسلم. Such additions are permissible as supported by the incident mentioned in the books on Hajj whereby Abdullah b. Umar narrated the whole talbiyah of the prophet. He then added the following sentences which are not reported by the prophet صل الله عليه وسلم.

لبيك لبيك وسعديك والخير في يديك لبيك والرغبي اليك

It should however be noted that there is no allowance to make changes in prescribed supplications. The proof for this is the incident where the Prophet صل الله عليه وسلم taught a man a supplication. He memorised it and repeated in front of the Prophet, but changed the words “بنبيك الذي أرسلت” to “برسولك الذي أرسلت”. The Prophet صل الله عليه وسلم didn’t let the change go uncorrected.

In summary, if the addition is to glorify and praise Allah then it is permissible with a caution to not consider it a sunnah[1].

It is confirmed that in the supplication of waseelah after adhaan, the extra words like والدرجة الرفيعة and  وارزقنا شفاعته يوم القيامة are not authentically proven from the prophet صل الله عليه وسلم. However, words with similar meaning appeared in other narrations.

Imam Tahaawi[2] recorded from Ibn Mas’ud the supplication with these words:

اللهم اعط محمد الوسيلة وارفع في الاعلين درجته

Ibn ‘Abbas narrated these words[3]:

اللهم صل عليه وبلغه درجة الوسيلةعندك واجعلنا في شفاعته يوم القيامة

Imam al-Bayhaqi[4] included the following:

انك لا تخلف الميعاد

Hence, addition of the like والدرجة الرفيعة and وارزقنا شفاعته يوم القيامة is permissible[5].

[1] Tuhfah vol 2, pg 94

[2] Tahaawi vol 1, pg 87

[3] Kanzul ‘Ummaal vol 7, pg 704

[4] Sunan al-Kubra vol 1, pg 410

[5] Tuhfah vol 1, pg 535

Time for incantations (اذكار) after Prayers

Scholars have gathered the incantations to be read after the prayers from the Hadith of the Prophet peace be upon him. For example, saying ‘استغفر الله’ three times, reciting the following once:  أية الكرسي,  سورة الفلق, سورة الناس

Tasbeeh-e-Faatimee etc

The best course of action will be to recite اللهم انت السلام ومنك السلام تباركت يا ذا لجلال والاكرام then perform Sunnah and finally complete the incantations. To delay Sunnah prayer after fard is disliked[1].

[1] Shami vol 1, pg 356

Folding a corner of the prayer mat after offering prayer

After prayers, folding a corner of the prayer with a concern that the Satan might start praying on the mat has no basis[1].

[1] Fatawa Rahimiyyah vol 2, pg 302

Correct timing of turning for Salaam

The prayer is completed at the ‘meem’ of ‘Assaalam’. Hence one should keep facing Qiblah until saying this and then turn to the right. Turning the face before saying ‘Assalaamu’ will be disliked[1].

[1] Tuhfah vol 2, pg 91

Language of the Friday Sermon

The Friday sermon is not merely a speech or a talk but is in fact an essential and integral part of the Friday prayer and such must be delivered as prescribed by the Prophet, that is, in the Arabic language. A similar example is that of Adhan (call to prayer) which must be called out in Arabic language. We know that the companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings of Allah be upon them all did not change the language of the Friday sermon to the native language of the lands they conquered even though there was obvious need for the people to understand the sermon being delivered to facilitate their learning of the new religion. In other words, Arabic is the official language of Islam so  far as the religious rites are concerned even if it may present a significant problem in people comprehending it.

Though, certain other schools of Islamic Jurisprudence allow it to be delivered in languages other than Arabic, it is more precautious and safe to do so in Arabic as has been the practice of more than 1300 years of Islamic history.