During difficulty, calamity or tribulations for mercy and help from Allah, for the oppressed and helpless, to free from oppression of the oppressors etc.
Extra dua (other than qunoot of witr) said after ruku’ as below.
Reference hadith about this is in Bukhari.
- Hanafi – only during difficult times – only in fajr in 2nd unit upon standing up from the ruku’. No raising hands.
- Shafi’ – after fajr daily. During difficulty – in all prayers.
- Malik – Only Fajr. Quietly
- Hambali – Can do during any prayer except Jumu’ah. Raise hands after ruku’ both imam and followers.
Any dua can be said.
Search words: Qunut Nazila