Offering Fajr and Asr towards their end times

Fajr – must be completed before the sun starts to rise

Asr – must be commenced before the sun starts to set

Prohibited times for prayers

When is it impermissible to prostrate or pray? What is Zawaal time?

After praying Fajr
During sunrise
Between start of sunrise and after complete sunrise
Exact time when sun is at its zenith
 After asr prayer
Pre sunset (time when brightness in sun is reduced)
During sunset
Fard prayer
 –
NOT allowed (one should offer qaza after sunrise)
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
 –
Allowed
continue to pray if sun started setting (no need for qaza)
Nafl prayers
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
Qada
Allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
Allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
Sajda tilawat
Allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed
Allowed
NOT allowed
NOT allowed

 

Additional points from the lecture:

Nafeel is allowed only when sun has risen completely

Qaza /Sajda talawat can be prayed after fajr prayers before sunrise or after complete sun as risen.

Qaza/ Sajda talawat can be prayed after asr prayers before sunset

if someone already starts prayer and meanwhile sun started to rise, they will have to make up the prayer

Zawal: time considered as the time when sun is exactly at it’s zenith in common language – actual meaning of zawal is the time when sun starts to come down from zenith i.e. time of beginning of Zuhr – this time is usually 15-20 minutes at noon roughly.

It’s discouraged to sleep before praying Isha except under dire circumstances (illness/fatigue from travel)